Your teeth rely on a complex system of bone and soft tissues for their continued existence. Your teeth’s roots are embedded in your jawbone, which anchors them in place and supplies your teeth with the nutrients they need. The soft periodontal tissue, or gums, that surrounds the bottom portion of your teeth seals and protects these roots from bacterial plaque, food debris, and infection. Excessive plaque and tartar buildup, toxins released by oral bacteria, and number of other factors can compromise this seal, paving the way for gum disease while simultaneously exposing your teeth’s sensitive roots. If the condition is severe enough, Dr. Alex Denes and Dr. Claudia Denes may recommend that you visit a periodontist for specialized treatment and/or surgery. Today, the Fresno dentists explain one method of restoring your receding gums—gum tissue grafting.
The Dangers of Gum Recession
When your gums separate from your teeth, they create small holes (periodontal pockets) where bacteria can gather, multiply, and thrive. As these germs gain strength, your immune system reacts with its customary inflammatory response. The inflammation can damage your periodontal tissue and accelerate gum disease, which works to destroy your gums and jawbone until they can no longer support your teeth. Consequently, gum disease is the number one cause of adult tooth loss in America. If caught early, receding gums can typically be reversed with a deep periodontal cleaning and an improved dental hygiene routine. Sometimes, however, more extensive work may be needed to save your dental health.
What is a Gum Graft?
If your roots are severely exposed, you may require a gum graft procedure. During the procedure, a small portion is removed from a soft-tissue donor source within your mouth, usually the palate. There are different types of gum graft surgery, but the most common form involves directly placing the donor tissue over the exposed area, resealing your roots and restoring your gum tissue’s integrity.
Preventing Gum Disease in Fresno
If you’d like to learn more about receding or diseased gums, or if you’d like to schedule a dental consultation, then contact your Fresno dentists by calling Fresno Dental Studio at (559) 297-1800. Located in the 93720 area, we proudly serve patients from Fresno, Clovis, Mendota, Orange Cove, Reedley, Selma, and the surrounding areas.